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Dental Education
Cosmetic Dentistry
Dental Crowns - Dentists have been improving the appearance of teeth by placing crowns on them for decades.
  1. What are dental crowns?
    A crown is a type of dental restoration that fully cups over that portion of a tooth or dental implant that lies at and above the gum line. Once placed, it in effect becomes the tooth's new outer surface. In comparison, a dental filling just fills in or repairs a portion of a tooth. Dental crowns are permanently cemented into place. The tooth-crown unit that results is cared for and functions like any natural tooth.
  2. Why are crowns placed?
    There are a several different reasons why a dental crown might be made for a tooth. Dentists routinely use them to:
    1. Repair and strengthen damaged teeth.
    2. Improve the appearance of teeth (including color, shape and even apparent alignment).
  3. What kinds of materials are dental crowns made out of?
    Crowns can be made out of:
    1. Porcelain (or other type of dental ceramic.)
    2. Metal alloy (a gold or other precious, semi-precious or non-precious alloy).
    3. A combination of dental ceramic and metal alloy (porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns).
  4. Reasons why dental crowns are placed.
    A dentist might recommend placing a crown on a tooth for a variety of reasons but, in general, most of them will fall within one (or more) of the following categories
    1. Restoring or making changes with a tooth's shape.
    2. Reinforcing a structurally compromised tooth.
    3. Improving a tooth's appearance.
Straightening Teeth
Ceramic(clear) Braces - Ceramic braces (including "clear braces") are a treatment option that helps to create a more pleasing, less conspicuous appearance for orthodontic patients.

The primary difference between ceramic and traditional braces has to do with the type of orthodontic brackets that are bonded to the patient's teeth.

With ceramic braces, the brackets are clear or tooth-colored, not metal. (With both methods, there's still a metal wire that runs across the patient's teeth that's held in place using elastic bands.)

This difference in the color of the brackets really does help to make it less obvious to others that a person is wearing braces, especially at a distance. And that's why ceramic braces are a very popular treatment option.

What are clear braces? - Clear braces are simply one type of ceramic braces. With clear braces, the specific type of bracket that's been placed is one that has a very high degree of translucency (is very clear), as opposed to a more whitish, tooth-colored shade. In all other ways, ceramic and clear dental braces are the same thing.

Which should you have placed, regular ceramic or clear braces? - You'll need to quiz your orthodontist about which brands of brackets they use and how well they will blend in with the color of your teeth.

Customizing Metal Dental Braces - Color schemes / Fun bracket shapes / Gold braces.
If you do decide to have your teeth straightened using traditional braces (wearing metal brackets and wires on the front side of your teeth), you should consider some of the different ways you can spiff them up or make them special.

After all, if they're going to show, why not make them unique? Create some individuality. Have some fun.


How do you personalize metal dental braces? - Here are some of the things you can do so your braces make a statement about you.
  1. Choose a unique color scheme for your elastic bands - Show off your personality through the colors you choose for your braces..
  2. Select brackets that have a fun shape. - Your brackets can be stars, flowers or footballs, just to name a few.
  3. Opt for gold dental braces. - The color of gold can soften the appearance of your braces or give them an air of sophistication.
  4. What kinds of costs are involved with personalizing metal dental braces?


Self-ligating braces - Learn about a truly amazing new way to straighten teeth that's faster, more comfortable and can improve your smile at any age, most often without tooth extractions.

Self-Ligating Braces deliver more than straight teeth - they are a gateway to greater confidence, a better self-image, personal and professional advancement - a new and better you!

The only self-ligating system clinically proven to dramatically reduce treatment times, provide exceptional results and significantly improve patient comfort.


The advanced passive self-ligating bracket, high-tech light-force archwires and minimally invasive treatment protocols provides remarkable advantages for you.

Self-Ligating Braces is not just a new product; it's a whole new way of treating patients. Conventional treatment often requires removal of healthy teeth and/or the use of palatal expanders to make space. This approach is often uncomfortable, takes longer, and can leave a narrower arch and a flat profile.

Tooth Whitening Treatments.
Paint-on tooth whiteners
What are paint-on whiteners? - Colgate Simply White Night ® and Crest Night Effects ® are examples of paint-on teeth whitening products. Paint-on teeth whiteners are a relatively new type of whitening system. Colgate introduced their Simply White ® product in 2002. Crest's Night Effects ® and Colgate's Simply White Night ® were brought to the over-the-counter marketplace in 2003.

What is "paint-on" teeth whitening? For the most part, paint-on teeth whitening / tooth-paint technique is just another whitening method based on the science of peroxide tooth bleaching (the chemical process on which essentially all tooth-whitening products are founded).

What makes paint-on systems different is simply the method by which they (the bleaching agent) are delivered to the surface of the teeth being treated.

Basic dental treatments and procedures.
Root Canal Treatment
What is root canal treatment?
Root canal (endodontic) therapy refers to the process where a dentist treats that space within a tooth (its root canals and pulp chamber) originally occupied by its "nerve" (or, more accurately, pulp tissue).

What's the purpose of having root canal?
Root canal treatment is used to resolve pathologic conditions inside a tooth that have affected both its nerve tissue, and probably the tissues that surround the tooth too. It sets the stage so healing can take place.



This is accomplished using a two-staged process.
  1. Cleaning the tooth. This portion of the procedure removes compromised tissues and/or contaminates from within a tooth's nerve space.
  2. Sealing off the tooth's inner space.A tooth's treatment is completed by filling in and sealing off its cleansed interior space, so contaminates can't leak back in, or out.

Preventive dentistry.
Tooth Decay
What is tooth decay?
Tooth decay is a disease process where acids created by specific types of oral bacteria cause damage to the calcified tissues of a tooth (primarily enamel and dentin).

If left unchecked, a point can be reached where enough tooth structure has been damaged or lost, that a defect forms (surface damage or a hole) that's identifiable during a dentist's examination or through the use of x-rays.

Tooth anatomy as it relates to tooth decay.
Cavity formation is a process that starts on a tooth's outer surface, and then advances inward.

  1. Tooth Enamel. Most of a tooth's visible surface (and possibly even 100% of what you see) is covered by enamel. Every part of a tooth that has a white appearance is enamel.

    You've probably heard that tooth enamel is the hardest tissue found in the human body. That's true. Its composition is more than 95% mineral. Most of this mineral content is a calcium-rich compound called hydroxyapatite.
  2. Dentin. You might be surprised to learn that teeth are not solid enamel. Only the surface layer of a tooth's "crown" (that portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line) is enamel.

    The bulk of a tooth, both its root and interior aspects, is composed of a tissue called dentin. It too contains a high concentration of minerals, including hydroxyapatite, but not as much as enamel. Only about two thirds of its composition is mineral so, relatively speaking, dentin is the "softer" type of tissue.
  3. Cementum. You might be surprised to learn that teeth are not solid enamel. Only the surface layer of a tooth's "crown" (that portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line) is enamel.

    Cementum is an ultra-thin mineralized layer that covers the surface of a tooth's root.
    It's affected by the decay process, just like the other calcified tissues. But it's so thin and destroyed so readily that we've confined our discussion to just dentin and enamel.
Oral Conditions.
Bad breath
Ways to test for bad breath.
Having bad breath doesn't have to be an insurmountable problem. With just a little understanding of its fundamental cause and associated risk factors, developing an effective plan for its treatment can be relatively simple.

FYI - Having bad breath and halitosis are the same thing. Halitosis is derived from the Latin word "halitus," which means breath, and the Greek suffix "osis," which means condition.

Ways to test for halitosis.
No doubt each of us has, at some point, unknowingly had bad breath, only to be embarrassed by other's reactions to it.

Accurate self evaluation can be difficult. For any one person, the exact status of their own breath can be difficult to determine. Here's why:

  1. Our mouth is connected to our nose by way of an opening in the region of our soft palate.
  2. Our nose will tend to ignore background odors, like those smells coming from our mouth via this pathway.

That means it's easy for a person to have bad breath and not know it.
 Dental Education
We care about our patients, Thats why we are providing dental education covering a wide range of dental topics.Our goal is explaining the basics about dental conditions and the treatments and procedures used to remedy them. Read more
 Dental Tourism
Come to Tanzania for your dental concerns and you will be rewarded with solutions and services that are excellently world-class, impressively affordable, friendly, and comprehensive. Read more
 Our Outreach Program
Over the years, Divinegrace Dental Clinic has provided extensive oral health outreach programs for schoolchildren, the elderly, people with disabilities, the homeless, and other underserved populations.  Read more